Horsefriend is an avid horse lover who uses money generated from writing to care for her horses. Are you a horse owner looking for horse mating videos and information on how to breed your horse?
The horse breeding and pregnancy videos below will help you learn the basic principles of horse breeding, including natural horse breeding, artificial insemination, pregnancy and foaling as well as some basic information on horse breeding and what it entails. I hope you find the information you're looking for. If you have a horse you really love and are considering breeding them, there are some things to think about before you start the process.
First of all, is it really the best decision to breed a horse rather than purchasing one? According to The Humane Society, almost every horse born in the U. Even though all of the foals are "wanted," the availability of horse slaughter has allowed irresponsible breeding to grow unchecked in the horse industry. Some horse breeders produce far more foals each year than they can realistically train or sell, and they cull the herd by dumping "excess" horses at auction where the horses are likely to be purchased by middlemen for foreign-owned slaughter plants.
In addition, breeding horses requires a great deal of thought and planning. You do not simply breed just because you can. You must have a purpose and plan for the offspring produced. It can also be extremely expensive, with veterinary, food, shelter and medical emergency costs that rack up very quickly.
Remember that in the vast majority of cases, particularly in today's market, it's much more affordable to buy a weaning or yearling foal than it is to breed your own. And if you are breeding with the goal to sell, keep in mind that only the best-bred, best-conformed foals are profitable. But if your mind is made up, you have done your homework and paired a good match, it is time to get down to breeding. Controlled mating in which both the time and the mating individuals are selected by the breeder, in contrast to pasture breeding.
Mating technique in which the horses that are to be bred together share the same pasture for a period of time, usually the entire time while the mare is in heat. Estrus, or standing heat, is defined as a regularly occurring state of sexual receptivity during which the female will accept the male. This is indicated in horses by the horse standing to be mounted by a stallion. The stallion mates with and inseminates the mare as opposed to artificial insemination. Both hand breeding and pasture breeding are types of live cover.
The mare is inseminated by a veterinarian or equine reproduction specialist using fresh, cooled, or frozen semen. To breed your mare, you should first make sure your mare is healthy, sound and correct enough to breed. Call out the vet for a pre-breeding exam. Ask your vet to critique your mare's conformational strong and weak points, and get their opinion on what you should look for in a stallion.
Once your vet has given you the green light for breeding, meet with a knowledgeable friend or mentor and begin looking for the right stallion to breed your mare to. A good stallion will compliment your mare and help achieve the kind of foal you want from a breeding.
After you find a suitable stallion, contact the owner and arrange a breeding method. With a stallion that is close by, you will probably be able to drop your mare off, let her go through her heat cycle at the stud farm, and pick her up. With stallions located some distance away, you may want to utilize artificial insemination. Pregnancy can be detected as early as 14 days following conception, but most wait and ultrasound at 30 or 60 days, or just wait to see if the mare comes back into season.
Breeding a stallion is more complicated and significantly more dangerous than breeding a mare.
Unless you have worked with your stallion extensively and can control and maintain his attention and respect in every situation, you may want to consider professional stallion management during the breeding season.
Stud farms, equine reproductive clinics, and even many local training stables will board, exercise, and handle the breeding of your stallion for a monthly charge.
How do Horses Mate? - Horse Reproduction
Not only is it safer to breed your stallion this way, but the exposure provided by boarding at a breeding facility helps promote your stallion and advertise to more potential mare owners.If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.
Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Horse Breeding. Wiki User If the mare is receptive and in a period of estrus where she will allow the stallion to mount her called "standing heat"she will stand still as the stallion mounts and breeds her.
The mare will tell the stallion that she is ready by urinating over her back end, "winking" her vulva, and turning her rear to the stallion to allow him to sniff and tempt him to mount. If she's frisky she will kick out, nip at his neck and shoulders, and let out a squeal during the whole nipping-kicking-turning-butt-end-towards-mate courting exercise. The stallion will often display his penis sigmoid muscle will relax letting the penis fall out of the sheath where it is housed when the stallion is not experience sexual arousal or urinating in his sexual excitement about this mare in heat, sometimes letting it hang low and often stiffening it up so that it bumps against his belly.
When the mare is in standing heat, the stallion must have his penis out and fully erect and the mare hold her tail to the side in order to be able to penetrate and for the mare to allow such penetration the mare's vagina and begin mating. He mounts from the rear, resting his rib cage on the mare's hips and keeping his front legs in front of the hips against the mare's loin area. He will use his hind legs, which remain on the ground, to "hump" or jump to encourage ejaculation on his behalf and for the mare to experience orgasm, though very subtle this orgasm is much more subtle than the orgasm experienced in women.
The whole time the mare stands still, though sometimes she'll move around a little to get more comfortable with holding his weight on her rear for the few minutes it lasts. When the stallion has fully ejaculated semen into the mare, he dismounts back onto all fours and allows his penis to "soften" and pull back into his body. Usually a stallion will mate with a mare several times over her estrus period estrus in mare lasts for several daysbut only during the times she is receptive.
The times when she is in heat but not receptive not in standing heatshe will allow the stallion to court her, but never mount to breed her. Not that the stallion won't mount her because he will any chance he gets, but the mare will move away and "punish" him by kicking or biting at him for his attempts to breed her without her "consent," in a manner of speaking. By the time the estrus period is done, the mare may be pregnant, and no longer ready to breed until a few weeks after she has foaled.
Horses usually mate every spring. A stud can typically mate three times a day. Asked in Care of Horses Do Morgan horses mate for life? Asked in Dolphins and Porpoises Do horses mate for pleasure? Horses do not mate for pleasure. The only animals that are known to are humans, dolphins and bonobos.
Asked in Horse Breeding Will horses mate if mare not in heat? They can, but usually not. Horses will mostly only mate once the mare is in heat. Asked in Minecraft Can a horse mate with another horse on minecraft? Well, if you are able to breed horses on whichever MOD you are using to get horses on MineCraft, then yes, horses can mate with other horses.
Asked in Zebras How do zebras mate? Zebra's mate the same way that horses do. Asked in Horses Do the horse mate for life?Horse breeding is reproduction in horsesand particularly the human-directed process of selective breeding of animals, particularly purebred horses of a given breed.
Planned matings can be used to produce specifically desired characteristics in domesticated horses. Furthermore, modern breeding management and technologies can increase the rate of conception, a healthy pregnancy, and successful foaling.
The male parent of a horse, a stallionis commonly known as the sire and the female parent, the mareis called the dam. Both are genetically important, as each parent provides half of the genetic makeup of the ensuing offspring, called a foal. Contrary to popular misuse, "colt" refers to a young male horse only; "filly" is a young female. Though many horse owners may simply breed a family mare to a local stallion in order to produce a companion animal, most professional breeders use selective breeding to produce individuals of a given phenotypeor breed.
Alternatively, a breeder could, using individuals of differing phenotypes, create a new breed with specific characteristics. A horse is "bred" where it is foaled born. Thus a colt conceived in England but foaled in the United States is regarded as being bred in the US.
Some breeds denote the country, or state, where conception took place as the origin of the foal. Similarly, the "breeder", is the person who owned or leased the mare at the time of foaling. That individual may not have had anything to do with the mating of the mare. In the horse breeding industry, the term "half-brother" or "half-sister" only describes horses which have the same dam, but different sires. The terms paternal half-sibling, and maternal half-sibling are also often used.
Three-quarter siblings are horses out of the same dam, and are by sires that are either half-brothers i. Thoroughbreds and Arabians are also classified through the "distaff" or direct female line, known as their "family" or "tail female" line, tracing back to their taproot foundation bloodstock or the beginning of their respective stud books.
The female line of descent always appears at the bottom of a tabulated pedigree and is therefore often known as the bottom line. It also is sometimes used as a euphemism for the practice of inbreedinga practice that is generally frowned upon by horse breeders, though used by some in an attempt to fix certain traits.
The estrous cycle also spelled oestrous controls when a mare is sexually receptive toward a stallion, and helps to physically prepare the mare for conception. It generally occurs during the spring and summer months, although some mares may be sexually receptive into the late fall, and is controlled by the photoperiod length of the daythe cycle first triggered when the days begin to lengthen.
The estrous cycle lasts about 19—22 days, with the average being 21 days. As the days shorten, the mare returns to a period when she is not sexually receptive, known as anestrus. Anestrus — occurring in the majority of, but not all, mares — prevents the mare from conceiving in the winter months, as that would result in her foaling during the harshest part of the year, a time when it would be most difficult for the foal to survive.
Changes in hormone levels can have great effects on the physical characteristics of the reproductive organs of the mare, thereby preparing, or preventing, her from conceiving. The cycle is controlled by several hormones which regulate the estrous cycle, the mare's behavior, and the reproductive system of the mare.The horse courtship process is a lot more direct than that of human beings.
If a stallion has reason to think that he's dealing with a mare "in season," you may observe a lot of conspicuous -- and sometimes rather frustrating -- behavioral patterns in the hormonally influenced equine.
When a stallion tries to attract a mare who isn't presently in heat, he may be somewhat tough and physical in his wooing efforts -- often much to the annoyance of the lady horse. Stallions frequently aim to attract mares by repeatedly biting their rear regions, sides or shoulders. They also often smell mares' bodies. Mares often react defensively by screaming, kicking and biting back.
This behavior often lasts for days at a time. However, stallions often leave the vicinity when mares keep showing displeasure. And, let's face it, not all mares react particularly defensively to stallion courtship efforts. When mares are in heat, they often signal willingness to breed by engaging in a variety of "displays," namely putting their tails up, urinating and displaying their vulvas.
At this point, male horses typically indicate their intentions to breed by pushing their top lips up and smelling the female horses' urine. This action also functions as a way of ensuring a female horse is, indeed, in a suitable condition for mating.
At other times, if a stallion is attempting to start the actual mating process, he may express it glaringly via his body language. He may caper up to a mare, all while elevating his tail and slightly curving his neck.
This confident body language aims to express mating preparedness. As the horse moves toward the mare, he may even make neighing sounds and thump his legs onto the ground, as well. Apart from basic attempts to attract female horses for mating, male horses also often experience changes in temperament when they are ready to breed -- think intolerance and excessively hyper or antsy behavior. Stallions also are often loud when expressing the desire to mate, producing lots of persistent whinnying sounds, for example.
Video of the Day. Brought to you by Cuteness. Before Heat When a stallion tries to attract a mare who isn't presently in heat, he may be somewhat tough and physical in his wooing efforts -- often much to the annoyance of the lady horse.
Response to Female Signals When mares are in heat, they often signal willingness to breed by engaging in a variety of "displays," namely putting their tails up, urinating and displaying their vulvas. General Stallion Behavior Apart from basic attempts to attract female horses for mating, male horses also often experience changes in temperament when they are ready to breed -- think intolerance and excessively hyper or antsy behavior.
Photo Credits Photos.For these above mentioned reasons, their breeding is now widespread throughout the world. After centuries of coexistence, however, we still have so much to learn from these fascinating mammals. Undoubtedly, two of the most important aspects of any animal life are reproduction and behavior. Consequently, mares come into heat, presenting symptoms such as swollen vulvae and a possible mucous secretion; which show receptiveness to male horses.
Stallions experience peaks of sexual activity when they perceive that females are fertile, specifically through the detection of pheromones released through urine during heat. This marks the beginning of the horse breeding seasonwhich can extend until the last weeks of summer or the beginning of autumn. One of the most interesting aspects of horse reproduction is the elegance and complexity within horse courtship.
But there are also many curiosities and essential facts to bear in mind when understanding how horses reproduce and how foals are born. For a more detailed analysis about some key points about the behavior and sexual cycle of horses, keep reading below.
If you love horses as much as we do, we recommend taking a look at our article where we list the best names for horses and mares. While male horses become sexually active between 14 and 18 months of age, females may experience their first heat between 15 and 24 months of age.
However, horses only reach sexual maturity at the age of 4, in which they are fully prepared to give birth to strong and healthy offspring. But how often do the mares come into heat? Mares experience seasonal ovulation cycles that occur in warmer seasons, with greater light availability. Therefore, mares usually go into estrus every 21 days during spring and summer. In general, a mare remains fertile until her 15th birthday, when her last heat usually occurs.
But this can vary according to the horse breed, its metabolism and health status. Male horses remain in a constant heat from the moment they become sexually active. They do, however, present peaks of higher sexual activity that often spur on periods of jealousy among the mares. Because male horses are constantly fertile, they can reproduce and breed throughout the year, provided they find a fertile mare to mate with.
Horse mating and fecundation takes place through riding, as is with a vast majority of mammals. For more horse breeding facts, keep reading below. The first step in horse mating is the courtship, performed by males to attract females before mounting. While approaching the fertile female, the male will adopt an imposing and haughty posture, arching his neck slightly to highlight the muscles of his chest and shoulders. He will energetically emit neighing sounds, specifically vocalized for mating.
The last step of horse courtship is the most spectacular, consisting of a kind of circle dance performed by a male to capture the attention of the female, demonstrating his intentions. In order to perform this "courtship dance", the male will significantly lift his hooves from the ground, while turning on his own axis. If the female is receptive, the male will continue his ritual by caressing her neck with his snout, gently rubbing his body against hers, proceeding to sniffing her tail, rump, hind legs and genitals.
If still receptive, a female will then lift her tail, showing that she is ready to mate and the male will then mount her. Horse courtship is longer than mating process, which usually lasts only a few minutes.Horses mate naturally in the wild but mating is often controlled and directed when humans are breeding their horses. Without human intervention, horses will breed in a mounted position after the males compete for female attention and acceptance.
In a controlled environment, mating is attempted based on estrus cycles and the matching of pairs through human preference.
Artificial insemination is also a possibility for breeding horses. The mare must enter estrus before she is prepared for breeding. The common estrus cycle occurs during the spring as the days become longer. Although the typical length of an estrus cycle is 20 days, the mare is most receptive to a mate during the first week of her cycle. After the first week, she becomes less likely to breed and conceive.
Estrus is natural during the spring but artificial triggers are often used to send a mare into estrus at different times of the year. Horse breeders will keep a mare under lights in a barn to simulate longer days and send her into an estrus cycle. This helps breeders control the time of year they foal. The process is especially common in the horse racing world where maturing as a race horse is a time dependent process.
In wild horse populations, a single male will show dominance and claim a band of females in estrus. Other males are forced to the outskirts where they will seek receptive females outside of the dominant band. Males may challenge for dominance but only one male will reproduce successfully within a single band.
In domestic populations, horses are individually selected and paired for breeding. Dominance is not necessary and the pairs move directly into acts of courtship. Once a stallion is paired with a dam in heat, they engage in acts of courtship. The dam will urinate and posture in a receptive position for the stallion. The stallion will responding according to his libido. Some stallions are slow to accept the process and others are uncontrollably aggressive.
The stallion will raise his muzzle and flare his lips to indicate a willingness to mate. When the pair is ready, they will engage in intercourse.
How Do Male Horses Attract Females?
Brought to you by Cuteness. Author Zach Lazzari is a Montana based freelance outdoor writer and photographer.Rowe Price New Era fund, who told Barrons.
The market is likely to move into deficit in the first half next year by an estimated 600,000 bpd, said the International Energy Agency (IEA), as long as OPEC and non-OPEC producers manage to (and are willing to) stick to promised cuts. In its latest Short-Term Energy Outlook from December 6, the U. BofA Merrill Lynch also factors in a rebound of the U. As always, the game of predicting oil prices will have its winners and losers next year, too.
Would those cuts rebalance the market at some point next year. Even if they start the year with sticking to cuts, would some OPEC and non-OPEC producers start cheating and renege on pledges once they see more revenues at higher oil prices and be tempted to get more revenue.
How would this affect global supply and oil prices. How would OPEC react to the U. Next PostOilfield Services To See Spending Surge In 2017 Tsvetana is a writer for the U. How many would be needed to be added back to increase production commensurate with OPEC cuts. How much capex would it take reactivate over 1000 rigs.Gorilla Mating - Mountain Gorilla - BBC
Can the shale producers really increase production to an extent to obviate the OPEC cut when LESS capex is being spent. How long will it take to gets those new rigs up and running and producing. Phil Currie on December 23 2016 said: Craig Ferrell is correct. One more thing to add to his comments.
Where will all the people come from to run these rigs to bring back this oil production. Many have left the industry, some will flock back, but not all. I do not see the rig count in the US going over 1000 for a very long time, if ever again. The pundit class never seems to be interested in talking about how accurate they have been, and that's not aimed at you personally Ms. Craig Ferrell on December 23 2016 said: Thanks Phil.